Challenges will put countries on network to find best solutions
to scientific dissemination
Linda Rowan, senior editor of Science magazine described
standards to high level of the scientific publication
Santiago, 30 of September - The participants of the International
Conference on Scientific Electronic Publishing in Developing Countries
had noted soon in the beginning of the event that the scientific
spreading for the Internet has a great future, but need to pass
over some challenges. The success is supported by the cooperation
between countries to find the best tools and the form most efficient
to handle the necessities of the users of the scientific information.
In the opening lecture, Abel Packer, director of BIREME (Latin
American and Caribbean Center on Health Sciences Information) and
coordinator of the SciELO design (Scientific Electronic Library
Online), affirmed that the conference must bring refresh on the
development in global the scientific communication, especially for
developing countries with sights to magnify the regional visibility
and scientific presence of periodic and the local ones.
Maria Cristina Lazo, of the Comissión Nacional de Investigación
Científica y Tecnológica (CONICYT) of Chile explained
that the agency assumed as main challenge to give a positive reply
to the request of the President of Chile to have an efficient entity
in politics of science communication and technology. "This
conference means an important step for the communication of results
in scientific research", said. "Each new study remains
unknown until being divulged. That is the importance of the communication."
As per Maria Cristina is responsibility of the CONICYT to guarantee
that the Chilean scientists and researchers are in contact with
the world, surpassing the physical isolation. To allow this, centers
of excellence in most diverse sciences, as mathematical, oceanographic,
astrophysics and molecular biology, had been created. The CONICYT
intends to develop local centers of communication prioritizing university,
governmental centers of inquiry and projects that they offer regionally
results. "All the research efforts becomes poor without efficient
services of diffusion, therefore it does not have critical, the
information contribution and the exchange of data", declared
The speaker explained that the CONICYT maintains deep support on
scientific magazines, which includes update actions to the publishers
of national scientific magazines (by courses, seminaries, etc.),
operation of Latin American pointers of scientific production as
the Latindex and the elaboration of scientific magazines in electronic
format. In this aspect the SciELO is considered a success for the
CONICYT. They are about 30 a thousand daily visits. As much that
the Chilean government established that the factors of calculations
of scientific indices of impact must include the magazines that
are part of the SciELO collection.
Sir Roger Elliot, chairman of the Committee for the Dissemination
of Scientific Information (ICSU), desired welcome to the participants
on behalf of the entity. It described the organization that intends
to take the dissemination of the scientific information to the largest
possible number of people. "And the participation of the developing
countries is important for the achievement of this project",
concluded Sir Elliot.
Finally, Carlos Wörner, vice-director of Inquiries and Advanced
Studies of the Universidad Catolica de Valparaiso, that co-ordinates
the ICSEP, together with BIREME, preferred to leave that the words
of the poet Pablo Neruda complimented the participants of the event.
"To be porteño also means to be citizen of the world.
Neruda said: I declare my love Valparaiso. I wish that all you can
be fallen in love of Valparaiso."
Ways of the Internet
In the first conference of the ICSEP, Linda Rowan (Lrowan@aaas.org),
senior editor of the Science Magazine, presented the aspects that,
in her opinion, are basic for the improvement of a vehicle of global
cooperation in the scientific communication.
Quality: In 1991 there were seven electronic scientific periodicals.
Currently there are 6000 headings are available in the Web. Only
the HoghWire Library of Science and Medicine has more than 12 article
million for consultation. The amount brings doubts regarding the
quality. Therefore, Linda believes on the importance of peer-review.
Publication speed: To optimize the time, the Science works with
article submission on-line or revision on-line.
Speed of dissemination of the information: The senior editor of
Science only found one periodic - Journal of Biological Chemistry
that publishes the results of a research up to 24 hours of its approval.
The texts are used without formatting or revision. The Science in
its express service keeps an average of three new works published
per week, leading about ten days between the approval and the propagation.
In this express service it does not have correction of the original
Some electronic publications need 14 days to spread a new article
and the majority of scientific periodicals publish the results of
a research 30 days after its approval.
Linda left to participants the quarrel of the validity to divulge
a text without correction to reduce the publication time. "Remember
that a scientific work takes months and years be published in scientific
Dissemination of results: "Traditional Scientists affirm that
a study she must be divulged on the Internet. Youngest Scientists
believe that there should be only dissemination of scientific information
in web ", with this phrase, Linda initiated the description
of the types of divulgators considered for Science: individual (direct
access, personalized contact), institutional (economic, used by
small companies and even for countries as China), databases (HighWire,
Health InterNetwork - see its addresses below) and the authors.
Search: Another important point to the advance of the science dissemination.
It is necessary to be fast, friendly, to offer many options to the
Reading: A constant claim of the sites users is the legibility
of the texts. To minimize the problem, Linda presented a series
standards more commonly used and efficient.
Scientific information and data:
Format - PDF
Text - Word/Latex
Images - TIF/JPG/PS
On-line - HTML
Archives - XML/SGML
Download - PDF
Language and symbols:
Page of the W3C. It has focus on the universal access, the Web semantics
and the safe and trustworthy Web. In its strategy of desing, the
W3C searchs interoperabilidade, constant evolution and decentralization.
Additives: When Internet was created, one of the first conclusions
on the subject it was that the Web would be the point of convergence
of the most diverse forms of communication. Besides this is not
plentiful, the net allows the additive use that values the service
given to the user of electronic scientific publication. It is allowed
and stimulated the addend dynamic information (videos, audio), educational
issues, news, commentaries, supplemental archives, interactivity,
data, on-line quarrels, among others resources. For the future,
Linda believes that the scientific publications will be only electronic,
will have interactive revision of works, international and networking
data bases, it will be incorporated tools of the robotics and artificial
intelligence, will have DOI (Digital Objects Identifier) and DHI
(Digital Human Identifier).
Sites suggested by Linda Rowan:
HighWire - highwire.stanford.edu
Health InterNetwork - healthinternetwork.org
- (psico and bio)
Standard for web
W3C - www.w3.org
Internet2 - www.ampath.edu