Subbiah Arunachalam
M.S.Swaminathan Research Foundation Taramani Institutional Area Taramani Third Cross Street
Chennai - 600 113 India


Subbiah Arunachalam is an information scientist and scientometricist. Before joining the M S Swaminathan Research Foundation as a volunteer in April 1996, he was with the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research for about three decades, first as a laboratory scientist and then as an editor of scientific journals and teacher of information science. In between, he did research at the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, served as editor of journals and the secretary of the Indian Academy of Sciences and was a visiting professor at the Indian Institute of Technology, Madras. His research interests include science on the periphery, improving access to information, mapping scientific research, and science communication. He has delivered more than twenty-five invited talks at international conferences in North America and Europe. He is on the editorial boards of half a dozen international journals including Scientometrics and Journal of Information Science, and an advisor to the 'Information in practice' section of BMJ. He is a member of both the Indian and the International Science Writers Associations. He has published over 40 research papers and more than a hundred popular science articles. His work has been quoted well both in scholarly journals and in the mass media.

Miriam Balaban
President IFSE
International Federation of Science Editors
Abruzzo Science Park
Via Antica Arischia, 1
L' Aquila 67100 Italy


Miriam Balaban was born in Philadelphia, and is a graduate of the University of Pennsylvania (Chemistry 1949) followed by a research position at Temple University. In 1951 she became editor of the Israel journals of science which she helped found at the Research Council of Israel. In 1958 she established the Program for Scientific Translation under contract with the US National Science Foundation and founded a science press for publishing and production of scientific books and journals.
From 1975 to date she has been a research associate at the Center for Philosophy and History of Science at Boston University for her work on the foundations of science communication. She is president of the International Federation of Science Editors which is devoted to global communication and has held ten conferences to date in different parts of the world. She has served as consultant in Africa on scientific publications and established the School for Scientific Communication, of which she is Dean, at the Mario Negri Biomedical Institute in Italy. She has been dedicated to the ethical and technical aspects of science communication.
Since 1966 she has been editor of the journal Desalination (over 50,000 pages) and publisher-editor of the Desalination Directory in print and on-line. She is Secretary of the European Desalination Society and has served on the Board of the International Desalination Association. She has served on scientific program committees and organized conferences in desalination. She has edited over 40 conference proceedings in the field. Since 1998 she has been head of Science Communications at the Science Park of Abruzzo where she continues her activities in desalination and communications.

Nancy K. Bayers
Institute for Scientific Information
ISI Contract Research
3501 Market Street
Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA


Nancy K. Bayers is an information scientist and bibliometric analyst with ISI, a database publishing company, providing the global research community with the most comprehensive, multidisciplinary bibliographic database in the world. From this database, Contract Research supplies diverse clients worldwide with critical data and sophisticated tools for monitoring and assessing scientific activity. Ms. Bayers frequently consults with clients on the use of bibliometrics in research evaluation and addresses government agencies, associations and research institutes on the use of publication and citation data in research assessment. Prior to joining ISI in 1994, Ms. Bayers was an information scientist at Drexel University and The Catholic University of America. She is a graduate of Michigan State University with a degree in history and political science, and earned her Masters Degree in Information Science from Drexel University, where she was inducted into the Phi Beta Mu Honor Society.

Linda Beebe
Senior Director, PsycINFO
American Psychological Association
750 First Street, NE
Washington, DC 20002-4242 USA


The former president of Parachute Publishing Services, she has worked for and consulted with professional and trade associations, consumer groups, colleges and universities, and others to develop and deliver communications in print and electronic media. Previously, she was the Associate Executive Director for the National Association of Social Workers where she directed the scholarly press, public information, general interest publications, and marketing. She has produced journals, books, databases, newsletters, reference works, and other publications in a career than spans more than 30 years. The editor of Professional Writing for the Human Services, Ms. Beebe has written a number of articles and chapters on scholarly publishing.

Luis Benítez-Bribiesta
Editor-in-chief Archives of Medical Research, and Editor Gaceta Médica de México
Coordinación de Investigacion Médica, CMN-SXXI, Av. Cuauhtemoc 330, 4°, Bloque B, Mexico, DF


Obtained his M.D. degree in the Military Medical School of Mexico. Residency in Pathology at the Mallory Institute of Pathology, Boston, Mass. USA. Postgraduate in Experimental Pathology at the Pathology Institute, University of Bonn, Germany. Chief of several departments of pathology in Mexican hospitals. Founder and Head of the Research Division of Oncology in the Oncological Hospital Mexico. Professor of Pathology in the National Autonomous University of Mexico. Published 110 scientific articles in peer-reviewed journals, 85 review articles and essays and 9 books on different medical subjects. His editorial experience includes: Founder and Chief editor of the Mexican Journal of Pathology; Patología. Presently, he is editor of Gaceta Médica de México, the oldest medical journal in Latin America, and editor-in-chief of Archives of Medical Research, a full English biomedical journal in collaboration with Elsevier Science, New York.

Peter B. Boyce
P. Boyce Associates
33 York St.
Nantucket, MA 02554 USA


Dr. Boyce has worked as an astronomer, a staff member in the U.S. Congress, a Program Director for the U.S. National Science Foundation, and for sixteen years as the CEO of the American Astronomical Society. Over the last 35 years, he has pioneered the use of computers and the Internet as tools for science, scoring a number of firsts. He was among the first to: - integrate a computer with a telescope (1970); - to include email addresses in a membership directory (1989); - to publish a well-linked scholarly electronic journal (1995). He has a BA from Harvard and a Masters and PhD from the University of Michigan in astronomy. Dr. Boyce is now a Senior Consultant for the American Astronomical Society and consults and lectures internationally on electronic information. Most recently he spent six months as Professor Associé, CDS, Université Louis Pasteur, Strasbourg, France.

Regina C. Figueiredo Castro
Information Sources Development Coordinator, Latin American and Caribbean Center on Health Sciences Information BIREME/PAHO/WHO
Rua Botucatu, 862
04023-901 São Paulo SP Brazil


Librarian of the Pan American Health Organization working for BIREME since 1980. She worked several years as Coordinator of the Brazilian Network of Health Libraries. Her current work regarding the Virtual Health Library includes among others: the development of methodologies for bibliographic databases; the production of bibliographic databases such as LILACS - Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature (this database indexes more than 600 health science journals from the region, books, thesis, papers and nonconventional literature since 1982), and other specialized databases in LILACS format; the production of directory databases; the development of the controlled vocabulary DeCS - Health Sciences Descriptors. She also coordinates the Selection Committee for LILACS database and the definition of LILACS selection criteria. Master degree in Information Science from the Instituto Brasileiro de Informação em Ciência e Tecnologia/Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (IBICT/UFRJ), postgraduate degree on Health Education from the Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP/EPM), doctorate in progress in the field of Public Health. She participates in educational activities and workshops of the Associação Brasileira de Editores Científicos (ABEC). She has published papers on library networking, journal selection criteria and analysis of health scientific journals.

Leslie Chan
Bioline International
Centre for Instructional Technology Development
University of Toronto at Scarborough Canada


Leslie is publishing and educational consultant for the Centre for Instructional Technology Development and an adjunct faculty member in the Department of Anthropology at the University of Toronto at Scarborough. He is a Trustee for the Electronic Publishing Trust for Development, and serves as the Associate Director of Bioline International. His research interests include knowledge management systems, the effects of information technology on teaching and learning, cross-cultural communication, and implications of new forms of scholarly interactive publishing. He has worked on a variety of community linkage and educational projects that are local and international in scope. With a group of distributed authors, he is now preparing a Manual on Electronic Publishing for Developing Countries.

Steve Fuller
Professor of Sociology
University of Warwick Coventry CV4 7AL UK


Steve Fuller is perhaps best known for the research programme of social epistemology, which is the name of an interdisciplinary quarterly journal he has published with Taylor & Francis since 1987. He is the author of several books, including Social Epistemology (1988), Philosophy of Science and Its Discontents (2nd edn., 1993), Philosophy, Rhetoric and the End of Knowledge (1993), Science (1997), The Governance of Science (2000), and Thomas Kuhn: A Philosophical History for Our Times (2000). He has also been active in debating the prospects of electronic scholarship, most notably in the pages of The Times Higher Education Supplement with Stevan Harnad (12 May 1995) and subsequently in the Fall 1995 issue of The Information Society. He has also organized two global cyberconferences for the UK's Economic and Social Research Council: one on public understanding of science (1998) and the other on peer review in the social sciences (1999). He has given over 300 talks throughout the world, and his work has been translated into nine languages. He is currently writing a book on Knowledge Management Foundations for Butterworth-Heinemann.

Frank Gannon
Executive Director
European Molecular Biology Organization EMBO
Heidelberg, Germany

Frank.Gannon@EMBL- Heidelberg.de

Frank Gannon is the Executive Director of EMBO, and also Senior Editor of EMBO Reports, Associate Editor of the EMBO Journal and a member of the Governing Body of E-Biosci. He serves on a number of scientific advisory boards at institutes throughout Europe. Prior to his appointment to EMBO in 1994, he had obtained a B.Sc in the National University of Ireland, Galway in 1970, a PhD from the University of Leicester, England in 1973, was a post-doctoral fellow at the University of Madison Wisconsin from 1973 to 1975 and Chargé de Recherche in the University of Strasbourg from 1975 to 1981. From 1981 to 1994, he was Professor of Microbiology, Director of the Biotechnology Programme and Director of the National Diagnostics Centre at the National University of Ireland, Galway. He maintains an active laboratory that carries out research on the Estrogen Receptor Gene and is increasingly involved in the overall topic of electronic publication in the Life Sciences.

W. Wayt Gibbs
Senior Writer
Scientific American
225 Bush St., Suite 1453
San Francisco, CA 94104 USA


Trained in physics and English at Cornell University, his first journalism job was in London, where he covered science and technology during a brief stint at The Economist. Since 1992, he has served on the editorial board of Scientific American, where he covers the products and process of science, as well as the interplay among science, business, and society. Mr. Gibbs has won awards for his articles, including one for his 1995 feature entitled Lost science in the Third World. Recently he completed a Knight Science Journalism Fellowship at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Fiona Godlee
Editorial Director for Medicine
BioMed Central
34-42 Cleveland Street
London WC1 UK


Fiona Godlee is editorial director for medicine at BioMed Central, a new internet publishing house that provides open access to peer reviewed primary biomedical research. She trained in general medicine and was for 10 years a medical editor on the British Medical Journal. While there, she founded Clinical Evidence, a compendium of the best available evidence on the effects of clinical interventions. She is president of the World Association of Medical Editors (wamme.org), which aims to provide support and education for medical editors around the world, in order to raise the ethical and scientific quality of medical information. She has been involved in several randomised trials of different editorial interventions, and is co-editor of Peer Review in Health Sciences published by the BMJ.

Lewis Joel Greene
Professor at Medicine School of the University of São Paulo
Editor, Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research
Av. Bandeirantes, 3900
14049-900 Ribeirão Preto SP Brazil


He was born in New York, received a Bachelor of Arts, with honors from Amherst College with majors in Chemistry and English and a PhD in Biochemistry and Cell Biology from Rockefeller University. He was a Biochemist with tenure at Brookhaven National Laboratory from 1962 to1975 and Fulbright Visiting Professor at the Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo (FMRP-USP) in 1968. He spent a sabbatical leave at the FMRP-USP during 1974-1975.
He has been Professor at FMRP-USP from 1975 to the present date. His major university activity is directing Masters and Doctoral students in research in structural protein biochemistry in the Protein Chemistry Center of FMRP-USP. He has been a consultant to governmental agencies including FAPESP, CNPq, FINEP, and CAPES and the Ministry of Health.
In 1980 Eduardo Moacyr Krieger, Sergio Henrique Ferreira and Greene became the Editors of Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas and transformed it into the Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research - the first Brazilian journal to be published entirely in English. The Brazilian Journal now publishes about 210 papers per year and appears monthly. He is one of the founders of the Brazilian Association of Scientific Editors (Treasurer: 1987-1991, Vice President: 1991 -1995, President: 1995-l999). He has been consultant to the FINEP/CNPq Program for Scientific Journals 1987 to the present date and member of the FINEP/CNPq Editorial Committee 1995-1999.
He belongs to the following professional societies: Brazilian Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, American Chemical Society, American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Association of Biomolecular Resource Facilities and the Protein Society and has been elected to the following honorary societies: Phi Beta Kappa (Amherst College) and Brazilian Academy of Science.

Stevan Harnad
Multimedia Group
Department of Electronics and Computer Science
University of Southampton
Highfield, Southampton


He was born in Hungary, did his undergraduate work at McGill University and his doctorate at Princeton University. His research is on categorisation, communication and cognition. Founder and Editor of Behavioral and Brain Sciences (a paper journal published by Cambridge University Press), Psycoloquy (an electronic journal sponsored by the American Psychological Association) and the CogPrints Electronic Preprint Archive in the Cognitive Sciences (modeled in the Los Alamos Physics Eprint Archive and supported by JISC/eLib), he is Past President of the Society for Philosophy and Psychology, Comité Scientifique UPR 9012, Marseille 95-99, and author and contributor to over 100 publications, including Origins and Evolution of Language and Speech (NY Acad Sci 1976), Lateralization in the Nervous System (Acad Pr 1977), Peer Commentary on Peer Review: A Case Study in Scientific Quality Control (CUP 1982), Categorical Perception: The Groundwork of Cognition (CUP 1987), The Selection of Behavior: The Operant Behaviorism of BF Skinner: Comments and Consequences (CUP 1988), and Icon, Category, Symbol: Essays on the Foundations and Fringes of Cognition (in prep).

Lynette Hunter
Operations Manager
Sociological Abstracts/CSA
PO Box 22206
San Diego, CA 92192 USA


Operations Manager for the Western Regional Office of Cambridge Scientific Abstracts, she is responsible for the development and production of the Sociological Abstracts, Social Services Abstracts, and Linguistics and Language Behavior Abstracts databases. During the course of an 18-year career in the scholarly publishing industry she has obtained experience in both academic journal and book publishing and has held positions in multiple areas of abstracting/indexing database production and thesauri development. She received a Bachelor of Arts in Linguistics from the University of California at Berkeley.

Michael A. Keller
Director of Academic Information Resources, and Publisher of HighWire Press
Green Library
Stanford University, CA 94305-6004 USA


He was educated at Hamilton College (B.A. Biology, Music 1967), SUNY Buffalo (M.A., Musicology, 1970), SUNY Geneseo (M.L.S., 1971), and SUNY Buffalo (a.b.d. Ph.D., Musicology). From 1973 to 1981, he served as Music Librarian and Sr. Lecturer in Musicology at Cornell University and then in a similar capacity at UC Berkeley. At Stanford, Keller is the Ida M. Green University Librarian, Director of Academic Information Resources, Publisher of HighWire Press, and Publisher of the Stanford University Press.

Barbara Kirsop
Secretary EPT, Director Bioline Publications
Electronic Publishing Trust for Development EPT
Stainfield House
Stainfield Bourne
Lincs PE10 ORS UK


She has spent most of her career working as a yeast taxonomist and as the curator of the UK National Collection of Yeast Cultures. She served as the President of ICSU's World Federation for Culture Collections from 1984-1992. She subsequently became the Executive Director of the Microbial Stain Data Network and, in 1993, the Executive Director of Bioline Publications. Barbara Kirsop is the current secretary of the Electronic Publishing Trust for Development. She has served on the editorial boards of a number of microbiology journals and on the committees of several professional organisations associated with culture collections. She has also organised and participated in many workshops around the world, concerned with the transfer of knowledge and technology in e-publishing and culture collections' activities.

Miguel Laufer
Revista de Ciencia y Tecnología de América
Journal of Science and Technology of the Americas
Apartado Postal 51842, Caracas 1050-A
Tel: 58+2+9917525
Tel/Fax: 58+2+9923224


Nacido en Caracas, Venezuela
Médico Cirujano y Doctor en Ciencias Médicas, Universidad Central de Venezuela
Ph.D. in Physiology, University of California at Los Angeles
Especialidad: Neurobiología / Fisiología, Morfología y Farmacología de la retina y vías visuales.
Cerca de 150 publicaciones.
Cargo actual: - Investigador Titular Emérito, Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Científicas (IVIC)
-Director, Centro Latinoamericano de Biología (IVIC/UNESCO)
- Director, Revista Interciencia
Otros cargos: Ex-Director del IVIC
Ex-Miembro del Directorio y del Consejo Superior, Conicit-Venezuela
Ex-Director de Ciencia y Tecnología, OEA


Hooman Momen
Deputy Head of Dept of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Oswaldo Cruz Institute - Fiocruz
Editor, Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Av. Brasil, 4365
Rio de Janeiro RJ Brazil


He did his undergraduate work at University of London and at Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, and obtained his PhD at University of Liverpool. His reasearch in on biochemistry and parasitology. His experience includes positions such as adviser to the World Health Organization and to the Panamerican Health Organization, member of the editorial boards of several journals, and member of national and international scientific societies. Currently he serves as senior research scientist at Oswaldo Cruz Institute.

Abel L. Packer
Director, Latin American and Caribbean Center on Health Sciences Information
Rua Botucatu, 862
04023-901 São Paulo SP Brazil


Since March 1999, Abel Packer is the Director of BIREME, where he has been in charge of the information systems development for more than 13 years. He has actively participated in the design, development and operation of major BIREME projects, such as the Latin American and Caribbean System on Health Sciences Information (a cooperative network of more than 900 information centres), the LILACS database (referencing the Health Sciences Literature from LA&C), the LILACS/CD-ROM (launched in 1987 it permitted the wide dissemination of the scientific literature in the region for the first time), the SciELO project - Scientific Electronic Library Online (launched in 1997), and the Virtual Health Library (the current LA&C framework for the technical cooperation in health-related scientific and technical information led by BIREME). Abel Packer holds a Bachelor of Sciences and a Master degree in Library Science.

Neil Pakenham-Walsh
Programme Manager, INASP-Health
International Network for the Availability of Scientific Publications
27 Park End Street
Oxford OX1 1HU UK


He has a background in medicine and medical publishing, including work with the World Health Organization, the journal Medicine Digest, and the CD-ROM series Topics in International Health (Tropical Medicine Resource, Wellcome Trust). He has worked as a medical officer in rural Ecuador and Peru. He has been working for INASP since 1996, as Programme Manager of INASP-Health, which aims to support cooperation, analysis, and advocacy among those working to improve access to reliable information for healthcare workers in developing and transitional countries.
José Fernando Perez
Scientific Director of the State of São Paulo Research Fundation (fapesp) since december 1993
Professional background

Electrical Engineer - University of São Paulo (1967).

BSC (1967) and MSC (1969) in physics - University of São Paulo.

Phd in Physic - Polytechnic Institute (Eth) Zurich, Switzerland (1973)

Scientific activities:

68 scientific papers in the areas of statistical physics, mathematical physics published in international refereed journals;

35 reviews published in the "mathematical reviews";

22 thesis advised

Visiting professor for 12 years during the winter quarters at the Department of Mathematics of the University of California, Irvine

Visiting professor at departments of mathematics of the University of Rome and of the Bedford College of London


National Order of the Scientific Merit (1996)
Grã-cruz National Order of the Scientifc Merit (2000)


Charles Pessanha
Editor-in-Chef of
Dados: Revista de Ciências Sociais, and Professor of Political Science at Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro UFRJ
R. Matriz, 82, 222.260.100
Rio de Janeiro RJ Brazil


He did his undergraduate studies at Universidade Federal Fluminense in Niterói, and obtained his M. A. in Political Science at Instituto Universitário de Pesquisas do Rio de Janeiro (Iuperj), and his PH.D. in Political Science at Universidade de São Paulo (USP). His latest research includes relations between the executive and legislative powers, external control and accountability in contemporary Brazilian political institutions. He is a member of many national and international scientific societies, such as the International Political Science Association (IPSA), Associação Brasileira de Ciência Política (ABCP), and Associação Nacional de Pós-Graduação e Pesquisa em Ciências Sociais (Anpocs). Presently he is Professor in the Department of Political Science at Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, and Scientific Editor of Dados at Iuperj, and of Revista Brasileira de Informação Bibliográfica at Anpocs. Founder, President (1993-1995) and currently member of the Scientific Board of Associação Brasileira de Editores Científicos (ABEC), has served on the editorial boards of several journals in Social Sciences, as well as of CNPq (1993-1996) and of Fundação Oswaldo Cruz Press (FIOCRUZ). He is also consultant for Fapesp, Finep and Faperj.

Anna María Prat
Directora Depto. de Información
Canada 308, Providencia
Casilla 297-V
Santiago Chile


Studied Librarianship at the University of Chile. Post Graduate studies at the University of California, Los Angeles. During ten years, Director of the Physics Library at the University of Chile and later, Director of the Coordinating Office of the Library System of the same University. As head of the information Department of CONICYT, during the last 20 years, she has been in charge of the promotion of the National Scientific and Technological Information System and an information system on science in Chile for policy makers. This includes databases on research in progress, scientific personnel, scientific activities and science indicators. A national program for the promotion of science journals was initiated in the early 90s and an electronic publishing program has followed. Has worked as a consultant for the Organization of American States, UNESCO and IDRC of Canada, among others, on training of information professionals in the Latin American region, creation of regional specialized information systems and the evaluation of regional information networks. Professor at the School of Library Science of the University of Chile in Santiago from 1960 to 1976, and the Library School at the same University in Valparaíso from 1970 to 1974. Has been Professor of librarianship and information sciences in Bolivia, Peru and other Latin American countries. She is Member of the Council of the International Federation of Information and Documentation, FID, since 1990 and president of its Latin American Commission.

Ellis Rubinstein
Editor, Science
1200 New York Ave.
NW, Washington, DC 20005 USA


In just over two decades, Ellis Rubinstein has been a reporter, writer, and editor for Science, Newsweek, Science 86, The Scientist, IEEE Spectrum, and Natural History magazines. At Science, the world's largest circulation general science magazine, Rubinstein's oversees the weekly news coverage, coordinates the magazine's international expansion, and develops path-breaking World Wide Web activities. Prior to coming to Science, Rubinstein was Editor of The Scientist, which he redesigned, and Senior Editor at Newsweek, where he edited cover stories far beyond science and technology. Examples included cover stories on the Iran-Contra affair, the Gary Hart debacle, and the coming of the Pope to America. He also conceived and edited one of Newsweek's best selling cover stories: the first account to a mass audience of the mitochondrial "search" for the precursors of all humans. At Spectrum Rubinstein won a National Magazine Award for his definitive journalistic account of the nuclear accident at Three Mile Island, combined with a series of supporting articles he edited. He has also won two National Magazine Awards for special issues exploring how science and technology contribute to war and peace. And his unique investigative report, written for Science, on the true origin of the cell line in which the first U.S.-isolated AIDS virus was grown was cited in a Federal probe. Rubinstein received the BA in English literature at the University of California at Berkeley, where he also did graduate work in the Ph.D. program. He is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and a member of the Board of Directors of the American Society of Magazine Editors. He is also a member the National Association of Science Writers and the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers.

Carol Tenopir
The School of Information Sciences
109 Temple Court
The University of Tennessee
Knoxville, TN 37996 USA



Her recently published book Towards Electronic Journals: Realities for Scientists, Librarians, and Publishers (with co-author Donald W. King) examines data on the use, value, costs, and pricing of scholarly journals. She is the author of over 200 articles, books, and book chapters on topics relating to online databases and electronic publishing and, since 1983 has written the "Online Databases" column for Library Journal. She was awarded the American Society for Information Science's Outstanding Information Science Teacher Award in 1993. She holds a PhD from the University of Illinois.

James Testa
Editorial Development
Institute for Scientific Information
3501 Market Street
Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA


James Testa directs a staff of 20 editorial specialists and is responsible for maintaining the journal selection process at ISI. His group of subject specialists oversee the multidisciplinary collection of over 8,400 journal titles covered in the various ISI databases (see: www.isinet.com/isi/hot/essays/199701). His group also developed the criteria for the selection of scholarly websites which are now featured in the Current Contents Connect database and is charged with building and maintaining the integrity of this collection (see: www.isinet.com/isi/hot/essays/23).

Gary VandenBos
Executive Director
Office of Publications and Communications
American Psychological Association
750 First Street, NE
Washington, DC 20002-4242 USA


Gary R. VandenBos received his PhD in clinical psychology from the University of Detroit. He served as research coordinator for the Michigan State University Psychotherapy Research Project with Schizophrenics; as Director of the Howell-Area Community Health Center in Howell, Michigan; and as APA staff liaison to the President's Commission on Mental Health during the Carter Administration. He was the first director of the American Psychological Association's Office of National Policy Studies. He has been a visiting professor of psychology at the University of Bergen, Norway. He has co-authored and edited numerous publications, including Psychology and National Health Insurance: A Sourcebook (with Charles Kiesler and Nicolas Cummings), Psychotherapy of Schizophrenia: The Treatment of Choice (with Bertram Karon), and Psychology and Public Policy: Balancing Public Service and Professional Need (with Raymond P. Lorion, Ira Iscoe, and Patrick H. DeLeon). He is a Diplomate of the American Board of Forensic Psychology and a practicing clinical psychologist.

Zhiying Qi
Professor and Director
Information Center of the Institute of Photographic Chemistry
No. 3 Datun Road, Beijing 100101 Chinese Academy of Sciences China


She graduated from the Shanghai University of Foreign Languages in 1976, starting to work in the same year in the Division of Documentation and Information at the Institute of Photographic Chemistry. She engaged in science editing when the scientific journal Photographic Science and Photochemistry was first published in 1983. She spent a year in the Technical Editing and Writing Group of the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, UC Berkeley, USA in 1984; promoted as Chief of the Editorial Office and Deputy Editor-in-Chief of Photographic Science and Photochemistry in 1987. She has published articles on the theory and practice of science editing, and translated dozens of articles, books and dictionaries in science. She is council member of the Board of the China Editological Society of Scientific Periodicals and Deputy Editor-in-Chief of its journal Acta Editologica; and also council member of the Board of the Editological Society of Scientific Periodicals of the Chinese Academy of Sciences; invited as Professor of the Department of Science Information, University of Science and Technology of China, and member of the IFSE Executive Board.